• Keywords:
  • Countering Disinformation
  • Media Literacy
  • Digital Security
  • Disinformation
  • Fact-checking
  • Resilience
  • Open Data
  • Digital Activism
  • False narratives
  • OSINT (open-source intelligence)
  • Organizational resilience
  • Languages:
  • English
  • English
Disinformation can spread like fire in today's digital age. To mitigate the threat, the TechSoup Guide on Digital Tools for Countering Disinformation equips activists and CSOs with a range of digital tools to identify, analyze, and counter disinformation effectively.The rapid spread of disinformation threatens societies worldwide. This free-of-charge guide is tailored for activists and CSOs, providing practical knowledge and tools, to navigate and combat digital falsehoods. Whether you're a novice or an expert in countering disinformation, the guide offers valuable insights and step-by-step instructions for everyone.Why is it worth using the Guide on Digital Tools for Countering Disinformation?Head to the guide to get:Comprehensive Tool Overview: Detailed descriptions of tools across various categories, such as social media monitoring, image and video analysis, or cybersecurity.Practical Usage Examples: Real-world scenarios demonstrating how to leverage these tools effectively.User-Friendly Guidance: Step-by-step instructions to ensure tools are accessible to all skill levels.Expert Recommendations: Curated selection based on relevance, effectiveness, and practicality, prepared by TechSoup Experts and Partners.✅🔗 See it for yourself! Dive into the guide and arm yourself with knowledge to promote and protect truth, and accuracy in the digital information space! Download the Guide here!
  • Keywords:
  • Countering Disinformation
  • Disinformation
  • Fact-checking
  • Resilience
  • Personal and Organisational Resilience
  • Digital Activism
  • OSINT (open-source intelligence)
  • Languages:
  • English
  • polski
  • English
Critical Thinking Methods and Tools for Distinguishing Facts from Fakes and DisinformationThis publication offers practical tools for recognizing disinformation and methods for practicing critical thinking. It provides guidance on identifying disinformation online and defending against it, while also enhancing skills in critically understanding content.The publication features insights from fact checkers and digital trolls.It is divided into four parts. The first part outlines six basic rules for verifying information to avoid falling into the trap of false content. The second part includes exercises to develop vigilance and critical thinking habits. The third part provides step-by-step instructions for spotting fake images and videos. The final part is a collection of websites, tools, and applications that assist in this work.
  • Keywords:
  • Countering Disinformation
  • Disinformation
  • Resilience
  • Elections
  • Languages:


A Lie Repeated Often Enough: The Importance of Narratives in Disinformation

Believing that both COVID and the vaccines have been engineered as bioweapons is predicated, at least in part, on influencers and media outlets keeping on repeating the claim. The same can be said for other beliefs, such as in the QAnon conspiracy theory, centered around the claim that there is a cabal of elites that traffic children and consume their blood, or insisting that the 2020 US elections have been “stolen”, despite significant evidence to the contrary.

Ciprian Cucu | 7 min read | Jun 18, 2024

Countering Disinformation: Your Essential Digital Tools Guide

Disinformation can spread like fire in today's digital age. To mitigate the threat, the TechSoup Guide on Digital Tools for Countering Disinformation equips activists and CSOs with a range of digital tools to identify, analyze, and counter disinformation effectively.

Hive Mind | 1 min read | Jun 4, 2024

Learning Groups: A Deep Dive into Countering Disinformation. Closed-Group Online Training | June - October 2024 | CERV EEAD

What is the aim of the Learning Groups?

We aim to create a safe and inspiring learning space for activists, educators, and local leaders from EU member states, who are working in an environment vulnerable to disinformation.

Hive Mind | 3 min read | May 24, 2024

Subtle Disinformation: True Facts and Manipulation

There is an interesting trend in the alternative media ecosystem to claim that journalists, academics, and media analysts that expose false narratives are just attacking valid opinions, labelling them misinformation, disinformation or propaganda to discredit them. Ironically, this belief is the foundation of several false narratives used to attack mainstream media and promote themselves.

Ciprian Cucu | 5 min read | May 23, 2024

Media Literacy as a Fundamental Instrument in Combating Climate Disinformation

Climate change is a global challenge that affects the lives of every citizen on Earth. This impact will become increasingly visible and more severe as global temperatures increase. Scientists say we need to act now. Unfortunately, disinformation prevents us from taking serious steps and continues to cast doubt on this issue. How can we counteract it?

Justyna Ignaszak | 8 min read | May 22, 2024

Why Disinformation Attacks Democratic Civil Society (and Will Not Stop)

There are certain unmissable characteristics and principles which are inherent to disinformation. One of the key genes from which disinformation streams is an attempt to undermine confidence in democracy through the weakening of democratic vital functions. That's why civil society, the main blood vessel to democracy, has been and will be under the permanent attack of disinformation.

Hive Mind | 14 min read | May 14, 2024

Rethinking ‘Fake News’

In today's world of lightning-fast information sharing through digital platforms, it's important to understand the different types of misinformation and disinformation. However, some terms used to describe them, such as "fake news" and "propaganda," can be confusing and even politically charged. It's easy to get lost in the mix and lose sight of what's true and accurate. But don't worry, we are here to help you navigate this complex landscape!

Magdalena Wilczyńska | 9 min read | May 6, 2024

Understanding and Countering Disinformation in Electoral Contexts: Advice for Voters and NGOs

For the better part of the last decade, we, as citizens of the modern setting, living our lives in a world where the Internet is part of our everyday existence, are aware of disinformation. Call it fake news, propaganda, misinformation, the umbrella of disinformation covers the many aspects of this topic. A rose by any other name: name it as you wish, it’s still the same thing.

Laura Burtan | 8 min read | Apr 29, 2024

War in Gaza, Part III: How to take care of yourself in times of disinformation?

A third piece by Karol Wilczyński on disinformation around the War in Gaza. This time the author gives some tips how to take care of your own digital well-being while digesting the news.

Karol Wilczyński | 6 min read | Apr 10, 2024

Unmasking Deepfake Phishing: Protecting Yourself From New Tactics in the Age of AI

Phishing is not new, has been used to hack or infiltrate for decades. Today, everyone is trying to get in step with the technological evolution. Phishers are not an exclude from that. They are evolving their techniques too. Recently, a new tactic is in surface, and this one is based in AI-generation. Deepfake phishing is a new tactic that adds to the range of challenges we will face from now on and of which we must be very aware.

Dren Gerguri | 3 min read | Apr 2, 2024

Audio Deepfakes and AI-Tricks Threaten Elections Around the World

Nowadays, almost anybody can create audio or video recordings of celebrities or regular people acting and talking in ways they never would have by using simple, widely accessible artificial intelligence software. The rights of the persons whose voices and images are being appropriated will need to be more seriously protected. Big tech-companies have teamed up in a historic attempt to stop the misuse application of AI in the upcoming elections throughout the world.

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Mar 28, 2024

Top Reporting Tips for Elections

The need for objectivity, neutrality and balance in journalism is a daily challenge for professional media, but one of the biggest challenges to media professionalism comes with the elections. The election process presents a challenge for the media, as it puts into focus their purpose to offer citizens access to all facts, opinions and ideas in the campaign. Journalists must also ensure access to the media so that citizens' voices can be heard beyond the words of political debate.

Metamorphosis Foundation | 3 min read | Mar 21, 2024

Digital Streams of Radicalization, Part I: How Radicalization and Disinformation Interact in the Online World

When we hear about radicalization, we often picture an Islamist, a football hooligan , or a person with extreme views who often commits acts of violence. The behavior of such people is blatant, it is easy to be outraged by them, but it is also easy to distance ourselves from them. In our minds, a radical is a person from another world, from another bubble, someone completely different from us.

Hive Mind | 8 min read | Feb 28, 2024

War in Gaza, Part II: Israel and the Hamas – How to Recognize Propaganda?

Here we are, in the center of one of the bloodiest conflicts of the century. How not to get crazy about it? How to recognize when we are manipulated? Forget about straightforward posters of World War II – most propaganda efforts nowadays are hard to recognize, hidden and, many times, spread with no intention or awareness. That is why we prepared nine simple rules to remember, which will help you to spot the propaganda.

Karol Wilczyński | 6 min read | Feb 8, 2024

Surviving Elections-Related Disinformation: The Case of South Africa

The advent of the internet, and social media platforms in particular, has fundamentally changed how we engage with the world, including how we communicate, socialise, learn, work, and participate. While this has presented significant opportunities for the right to freedom of expression, it has also raised several pressing challenges regarding the dissemination of information online, more especially during an election period.

Azola | 7 min read | Feb 5, 2024

War in Gaza, Part I: 5 Aims of Disinformation

There is a lot of propaganda materials being distributed since the outbreak of war on 7th October 2023. Both sides - Hamas and the Israeli government - are fighting not only through arms, but also through wide-spread disinformation efforts. What are the aims of disinformation? What they want to achieve?

Karol Wilczyński | 6 min read | Jan 26, 2024

The Information Warfare in the Republic of Moldova

Since 24 February 2022, when the Russian Federation started an aggressive and unjustified war against Ukraine, both the neighboring countries and the Republic of Moldova have been targets of propaganda and disinformation from the Kremlin. The waves of disinformation have forced the authorities in Chisinau to adopt various measures, including legislation, to protect Moldova's information space and its citizens from Kremlin propaganda transmitted through various channels. This article analyzes what can the authorities do to stop the spread of disinformation on the example of the Republic of Moldova.

Lilia Cravcenco-Zaharia | 5 min read | Jan 24, 2024

Crafting a Resilient Society against Disinformation. New World – Old Challenges

Disinformation is a custom-made approach designed to polarize society by instilling fear of others and undermining values, democracy, and human rights, as well as the structures that support them. Civil society has been actively working for years to counter these phenomena. We combat hate speech, work with vulnerable groups, educate society, conduct fact-checking and even OSINT research. However, the problems that society faces remain almost unchanged, while the social need to take action is growing. And we – as civil society – face both new and ongoing challenges in this fight.

Magdalena Wilczyńska | 10 min read | Jan 23, 2024

Bombastic news published on a portal you're hearing about for the first time? Check the imprint

The influx of media content in cyberspace sometimes makes us, as readers, seek information that is different from the rest. For the public, it is crucial to “discover” something new that brings fresh insights into certain important societal issues or questions of personal interest to individuals. However, sometimes behind the “new things”, we see bombastic headlines, spectacular claims unsupported by evidence, unconfirmed or unofficial information, as well as disinformation that can cause more harm than lead to positive change in society.

Бојан Блажевски | 3 min read | Jan 11, 2024

Romani people and disinformation: the fight for truth in the era of social media

Disinformation about Roma and among Roma has become a visible problem in Czech society, especially in the summer of 2023, when tensions arose between some Roma and Ukrainians. Historically, however, it was the Roma who were frequent victims of disinformation, such as a rumor regarding their free access to swimming pools.

Zdeněk Ryšavý | 10 min read | Jan 8, 2024

Disinformation about the war in Ukraine - reactions and narratives built on emotions

The events of the last 3 years have been a huge generator of emotions for each of us, but also an incubator for disinformation. It has taken over the media space and continues, in the presence of fear and intense emotions, to destabilize trust in factual information. Nearly two years after the invasion of Ukraine, we look at the evolution of false narratives online, and discuss how a war in the 21st century takes on some new nuances to what history has accustomed us to.

Ana Mocanu | 7 min read | Jan 2, 2024

Deepfake and the risk from the massification of video fraud

About 6 years ago, I wrote about a new 'virus' for journalism. Despite the fact that several years have passed, there is still no 'anti-virus' against deepfake, which has advanced, perfected and the last step is to simplify the production process of these hoax videos.

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Dec 18, 2023

Kosovo on the radar of the Russia-Ukraine disinformation “war”

Propaganda and the attack on the truth have been grounded in humanity for centuries. If you read George Orwell's essay, “Review of the Spanish War”, it seems that he is talking about propaganda in the year 2022, but in fact that essay was written entirely 8 decades ago.

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Dec 18, 2023

The state of cyber-security in 2023: year overview and trends for 2024

As we approach the end of yet another tumultuous year, it is a worth taking a step back and taking a broader look over the past 12 months. What worked and what didn’t, what we could have done to better prepare ourselves, and finally, what to expect from 2024 as it is right around the corner.

Goce Arsovski | 9 min read | Dec 15, 2023

Unmasking disinformation in electoral campaigns - case studies from Poland and Slovakia

As the dust settles from the political storms related to elections that swept Poland and Slovakia in the fall of 2023, we dissect the disinformation tactics that played a crucial role in shaping the election outcomes. From attacking opponents with hoaxes to adopting anti-Ukrainian narratives, and even incorporating artificial intelligence to spread fabricated content, the playbook of political deception is evolving. What can we learn from that example?

Magdalena Wilczyńska | 13 min read | Nov 29, 2023

Local Elections in Moldova: New Poll, Old Narratives

In both rounds of the local elections in the Republic of Moldova, held in November 2023, the pro-Kremlin media used disinformation as a political tool. Old narratives, used in previous election campaigns, were recirculated, but also combined with pro-Kremlin narratives about the war in Ukraine, unachievable election promises and even using hate speech to denigrate the opponents.

Lilia Cravcenco-Zaharia | 7 min read | Nov 22, 2023

Addressing Anti-Western and Anti-NATO Narratives: Building a More Informed Perspective in Times of Uncertainty

Discussing anti-Western narratives is a hot topical issue nowadays, but not a new one - just as propaganda is not an expression of our times, but has a long history behind it. I will not talk about the general course of anti-Western propaganda in Eastern Europe and especially in Romania, but about my personal experience with this field and the sometimes arduous process of countering it with honest and transparent means.

Laura Burtan | 9 min read | Nov 14, 2023

Impact and growth of disinformation: iniciatives, perspective and solutions

During 2023, the world has been more affected by misinformation due to the impact of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, lack of trust in the media and institutions, and the growth of social networks.

MAKAIA | 3 min read | Nov 7, 2023

Drowning in a Sea of Lies: Disinformation and Democracy

The 2015-2017 period, that brought us Brexit and Donald Trump with his “alternative facts”, also brought politicians the revelation that lying is detrimental to one’s career only if one admits to lying, when one gets caught.

Ciprian Cucu | 9 min read | Oct 31, 2023

How to Protect Ourselves from Online Scams While Online Shopping?

The number of online purchases by Macedonian citizens is increasing, and concurrently, scams targeting citizens shopping on virtual stores are proliferating. To avoid "emptying" credit cards through scams, there are several recommendations that we, as citizens, should follow when making our online purchases.

Бојан Блажевски | 3 min read | Oct 12, 2023

Countering Disinformation Masterclass Webinar

The purpose of this community-building event was to provide and promote truth, and accuracy in information dissemination to form a collaborative network, equip the community with tools, and knowledge to combat disinformation, and share best practices to enable participants to learn from the subject matter experts to maintain informed citizenry.

Sibongile Ndlovu | 3 min read | Sep 22, 2023

Decoding Disinformation: Navigating Civil Society Challenges in CEE - Disinformation and Civil Society Regional Mapping Reports

Within the Digital Activism Program conducted by TechSoup and its partners in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) since 2018, a pivotal activity focusing on supporting Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in being more resilient to disinformation has been underway. We believe at TechSoup that to bring about change, we must first diagnose the needs of the organizations we support and analyze the current socio-political situation in the countries where we operate. This belief is central to shaping the foundation for all future project activities.

Hive Mind | 2 min read | Sep 15, 2023


MAKAIA had the privilege of participating in the regional event FITS Democracy 2023, where important topics regarding disinformation, polarization, technology, and innovation were discussed, all within the context of Latin America and the Colombian Caribbean.

MAKAIA | 1 min read | Sep 4, 2023

How do you teach (yourself) about conspiracy theories in the aftermath of the pandemic and during wartime?

In Poland, historians have written extensively about conspiracy theories - this fact provides an additional argument to teach about the problems that conspiracy theories cause in the era of revision of history in many European countries. What are the most bizarre conspiracy theories about the war in Ukraine that you have encountered so far?

Beata Zwierzynska | 4 min read | Aug 11, 2023

Do you check who set up the latest Facebook group?

Facebook is an attractive space for “meetings,” but too often the debate in such groups can be misleading or full of misinformation. Sometimes a group admin creates a page by pretending to be someone famous. In politically and socially emotive moments, few people check who manages the group. Group admins often grant themselves the exclusive right to add and remove content in the group and, thus, to influence the narratives and emotions in the group.

Beata Zwierzynska | 8 min read | Aug 2, 2023

How to resist conspiracy theories?

It takes just a few simple steps to determine whether we have strayed into conspiracy thinking. By understanding what characterizes such thinking, we can examine on our own, or with the help of a friend, whether we are exhibiting healthy skepticism or unwarranted suspicion. In fostering healthy skepticism, it can be helpful to have basic knowledge about the process of creating reliable information.

Beata Zwierzynska | 4 min read | Jul 31, 2023

The Weather Is Not the Climate: How False Narratives Are Delaying Climate Change Policies

Climate change is a reality, the global average temperature is now approximately 1°C higher than in the preindustrial era (1880-1900). However, denialism seems to get stronger, propped up by fossil fuel corporations, conservative media, and political groups. From misrepresenting the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration to claiming that climate change is a hoax meant as part of a conspiracy to take over the world, disinformation on the topic is intensifying. We should understand it better and fight it wherever we encounter it; our future may depend on it.

Ciprian Cucu | 9 min read | Jul 31, 2023

Countering Disinformation Masterclass Webinar

Information spreads rapidly and effortlessly, and the rise of disinformation has become an alarming global phenomenon. Misleading narratives, fake news, and conspiracy theories have the power to manipulate public opinion, polarize societies, and undermine democratic processes. To combat this growing threat, Phambano Technology Development Centre NPC, DFRLab, and TechSoup Global Network have come together to organize Countering Disinformation Masterclass webinar to empower individuals with the tools to recognize, debunk, and counter disinformation.

Sibongile Ndlovu | 2 min read | Jul 21, 2023

COVID-19 and the Infodemic Affected the Information-Seeking Habits in the Kosovo Society

Results of the study about the infodemic in Kosovo during COVID-19, published recently in the journal, “Media and Communication”, show that COVID-19 has had a great impact on people’s behavior when it comes to information.This research analyzed at how people used the media during COVID-19 and how well they could tell the difference between false or misleading information and the truth.

Dren Gerguri | 5 min read | Jul 4, 2023

Polarization of the Society via Social Media Groups

Polarization is a process that occurs on psychological and emotional grounds. The radicalization of groups leads to the radicalization of language on highly controversial and socially divisive topics. One of the most polarizing places on the Internet are Facebook groups (often run by the party involved in the conflict), where discussants reassert themselves, fuel a spiral of insults, ridicule, and hate speech, or even use language that dehumanizes opponents.

Beata Zwierzynska | 9 min read | Jul 4, 2023

4 ways of visual manipulation

Social media and online spaces are dominated by visual contents. Whether as part of a news story or as viral content, it is now extremely easy and common to manipulate and mislead readers. Although this can be done with relatively little knowledge and easily accessible tools, it is often amateurish or of particularly poor quality that fools users.

Bakonyi Anna | 7 min read | Jun 27, 2023

Climate lies and dirty tactics: The damage of online disinformation campaigns

As the world grapples with the increasingly pressing need to address climate change and environmental issues, online disinformation campaigns have emerged as a powerful tool in the manipulation of public perspective, inspiring scepticism, and spreading false information.

Sibongile Ndlovu | 7 min read | Jun 14, 2023

Trolls, Haters and Stalkers: Preventing the violence provoked by desinformation

Have someone make fun of you in front of other people?

Have you been critized and offended by how you dress, think or talk?

Do you know of people that follow or investigate you?

Oscar Levy | 3 min read | Jun 13, 2023

The Sovereignist Movement: the Case of Romania

The analysis of information disorder, i.e., misinformation, disinformation, and malinformation, should include observations on what is driving these phenomena. This current article argues that the most important driver of information manipulation since 2016 is the so-called sovereignist movement. A case study on Romania is proposed in order to highlight the evolution of local sovereignists and the reliance of their political clout on misinformation and conspiracy theories.

Ciprian Cucu | 7 min read | Jun 13, 2023

Jak uzdravit informační prostor?

S radostí vás zveme na výjimečnou networkingovou akci věnovanou problematice dezinformací, kterou pro vás připravil Kampus Hybernska a Sdružení VIA za podpory Google.org a Univerzity Karlovy.

Hive Mind | 1 min read | Jun 2, 2023

A Model to Analyse Online Misinformation

In the effort to counter disinformation and improve media literacy, there are several known models for verifying if news articles accurately represent facts and events. However, nowadays, a significant part of communication is informal, for example in the form of social media posts. In such informal forums, misinformation continues to spread with the help of influencers. A new model is thus needed to analyze this type of media content.

Ciprian Cucu | 8 min read | May 4, 2023

The hybrid war and the 4 Ds of disinformation about the tensions in the north of Kosovo

Hybrid threats can result in war, and this has been proven by Russia, with the start of the war in Ukraine, after several years of hybrid war with Ukraine. The hybrid war includes a combination of traditional and non-traditional means with coordinated actions in the political, economic, military and information domains.

Dren Gerguri | 7 min read | Apr 26, 2023

Case study: Detox Information Project (DIP)

We share the investigation and educational web series created by DIP

MAKAIA | 1 min read | Apr 24, 2023

Hive Mind Launch in South Africa: Countering Disinformation in the Civic Space

The Hive Mind* launch in South Africa was a success. We are thankful to all our speakers who gave incredible presentations and supported the need for Hive Mind to help civil society and build digital resilience.

Sibongile Ndlovu | 4 min read | Apr 14, 2023

Empowering Civil Society to Combat Disinformation: Digital Activism Program Takes Action Across the Central and Eastern Europe

Across the world, the spread of disinformation is on the rise. Its volatile growth is the result of the strategic use of online disinformation, which undermines democracy and polarizes societies. While ways to combat disinformation are currently trending in the media, the existing tactics are primarily directed at fact-checkers and journalists, leaving wider civil society actors to their own devices.

Hive Mind | 2 min read | Apr 3, 2023

Kosovar society challenges of distinguishing disinformation from accurate information

Research findings show that people cannot tell the difference between false and real news. This problem also affects Kosovo society, which has a high percentage of internet access (93%). One of the signs that disinformation influences the public in Kosovo is the outcome of the Raka case which is explained below.

Dren Gerguri | 5 min read | Mar 28, 2023

Fake news is never without mass decay

Fake news is used to manipulate and dictate and shape their decision making. Fake news can damage our public discourse. We need to raise awareness and understanding of disinformation and be mindful that our freedom of expression could harm others. The time is now to verify all information.

Hive Mind | 6 min read | Mar 23, 2023

Webinar on Gender Disinformation in Digital Media - key takeaways

In recent investigation developed by the Detox Information Project (DIP), one of the key findings has been that sexualization is used as a way to discredit arguments presented by women in politics.

MAKAIA | 3 min read | Mar 21, 2023

WEBINAR: Gender disinformation in social media

Do you know how to identify gender disinformation in social media? Do you know which are the biases, stereotypes and hate messages?

MAKAIA | 1 min read | Mar 3, 2023

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: Empowering Europeans Against Disinformation (EEAD) - ToT Training

As part of the Empowering Europeans Against Disinformation (EEAD) project, we are happy to invite all interested educators residing in Europe to express the interest and take part in a 2-day onsite Training of Trainers (ToT) on Countering Disinformation and Building Positive Narratives in Warsaw, on April 19-21, 2023.

Hive Mind | 2 min read | Feb 27, 2023

ChatGPT and the inclusion of artificial intelligence in the world of (dis)information

Artificial intelligence is changing and will change even more the way we live and work. This simulation of artificial intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans have made it possible for humans to be replaced by machines today in some fields. But what does this mean in the field of information and what could be the misuses that we should beware of?

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Feb 24, 2023

The Pandemic of Misinformation: The Globalization of Disinformation in the Digital Age

The role of social networks in proliferation of manipulated information is already well established. One interesting aspect, that may need further attention, is the way social media fostered the globalization of false narratives allowing smaller, national media ecosystems to connect to more significant ones, to import and adapt narratives for local audiences. Interestingly, it is not Russia that is driving this phenomenon, but misinformation agents in the English-speaking countries, especially in the US and the UK.

Ciprian Cucu | 9 min read | Feb 24, 2023

Empowering Europeans Against Disinformation (EEAD) - Project Description, Scope, and Activity Updates

The Empowering Europeans Against Disinformation (EEAD) project is part of TechSoup Network’s Digital Activism Program.

Since 2018, the program has been offering complex support to civil society organizations (CSOs) and their staff in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), Latin America and West Africa. In the area of countering disinformation, the program strives to increase their understanding of direct disinformation threats, strengthen their capacity to deal with disinformation, boost their knowledge in this field and expand their connections within the nonprofit network.

Hive Mind | 32 min read | Feb 17, 2023

The Role of NGOs in Countering Disinformation in Africa: A Vital Tool for Community Empowerment

Disinformation has become a widespread problem in Africa, with the rise of social media and the internet making it easier for false information to spread. Disinformation can cause harm to individuals and communities, create social and political divisions, and undermine public trust in institutions and leaders. NGOs and charity organizations in Africa play a crucial role in combating it, as they are often on the front lines in communities and have a unique perspective on the challenges and opportunities for promoting digital literacy and critical thinking skills.

Kwame Asante | 4 min read | Feb 4, 2023

What is behind the use of social networks? Webinar takeaways

Cyberpsychologist Gordon Ingram explains the social and psychological consequences of the dynamics promoted by the Internet and social networks.

MAKAIA | 3 min read | Jan 23, 2023

Why and how are we vulnerable to disinformation?

The reasons behind the behaviors that accept and promote disinformation.

MAKAIA | 3 min read | Nov 1, 2022

Fact-checking and fake news in the Colombian and Chilean context

Journalists and NGOs around the world have been working for countering disinformation through institutions, organizations, and associations called "fact-checkers" (or, simply: information verifiers), which are dedicated to corroborating and verifying the veracity of information and news disseminated on digital platforms. Fact-checking as we know it today was born with Factchecker.org, a website launched in December 2003 by Brooks Jackson, a former Associated Press, Wall Street Journal, and CNN reporter.

MAKAIA | 3 min read | Sep 30, 2022

Disinformation Trends in Central-Eastern Europe - key takeaways

It’s been more than 4 months since Russia escalated the war in Ukraine and we are most likely preparing for a long-term conflict with all its consequences.

Maja Durlik | 2 min read | Sep 29, 2022

Not Only “Fakes”: Popular Types of Misinformation

Digital revolution has greatly enhanced public vulnerability to manipulation by information. The trend is growing with every year and the term ‘fake news’ doesn’t cover all of its forms anymore. Find out what are the most common information disorders we encounter daily.

Hive Mind | 3 min read | Sep 8, 2022

The 6 Most Popular Traps Our Own Mind Can Lead Us to

When you need to make an unbiased, rational decision about something important, try to be aware of your cognitive biases. They are a normal phenomenon in psychology of all humans, but as they may affect your judgement or decisions, it is worth acknowledging their existence and learning some methods of how to overcome their misleading effects.

Hive Mind | 4 min read | Sep 8, 2022

Post-truth: lies that appear to be true

The term has taken the academic discussion of philosophers, journalists political scientists but is far from an intellectual discussion. It is present in our daily life and on our social networks.

MAKAIA | 6 min read | Jul 31, 2022

War-time Disinformation Landscape in the CEE 30.06 | 5 PM

Join us for a panel discussion about the current war-time disinformation landscape and learn about ways of mitigating its harmful effects.

Maja Durlik | 3 min read | Jun 15, 2022

Anti-NATO Disinformation Tactics from the War in Kosovo

“NATO intervention in the Kosovo war was unjustified”. This is the narrative that the Russian and Serbian propaganda has been trying to push forward for many years.

Dren Gerguri | 3 min read | May 12, 2022

What you should know about disinformation in the Russia-Ukraine conflict

The war that is currently taking place in Ukraine has devastating consequences, but it is also more present in the media – both traditional and social ones than any other armed conflict in the past few years. In a webinar organized by MAKAIA (with support from TechSoup), guests from different parts of Latin America discussed the conflict and its context, its influence on the LatAm region as well as the propaganda and disinformation strategies used in the war – also targeting Latin America.

MAKAIA | 2 min read | Apr 19, 2022

The 4Ds Model to Recognize Disinformation

Disinformation techniques are numerous, but all of them can fall into one of those four categories: dismiss, distort, distract, or dismay. Here is the rule of thumb that will help you recognize, predict and prepare to counter disinformation.

Hive Mind | 4 min read | Apr 11, 2022

What are Echo Chambers and how to escape from one :-)

Information can come from various sources. Most often than not, you would pick up your smartphone or open your laptop and start scrolling through content; clicking on and sharing whatever looks interesting. However, it is good to know what is going on behind the scenes…

Hive Mind | 2 min read | Apr 4, 2022

Hate and Disinformation. What Can You Do When They Come For You?

If you run a campaign or simply post on your social media channels messages about the current situation, you should anticipate some hateful comments. There are certain ways to deal with trolls.

Hive Mind | 1 min read | Mar 28, 2022

Countering desinformation and propaganda during a war: a guide for the Russian-Ukrainian war

Russia's war against Ukraine is not only taking place on the battlefields and in besieged cities, but also in the information space. This was true even before the digital age, but war propaganda has reached a new level thanks to the possibilities of the Internet. Fake news, dubious images, videos, untraceable figures, battlefield results, not to mention conspiracy theories explaining the background to the attack.

Bécser Vera | 2 min read | Mar 24, 2022

Disinformation, Information Warfare and the Role of the Journalist

In today's digital world, information warfare is significantly more pronounced. The war in Ukraine is also taking place on several fronts of the information world, in front of video games, TikTok, and that of fact-checkers. Therefore, the focus of journalists should be on news sources, in controlling them to avoid the possibility of fraud from manipulated information.

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Mar 24, 2022

Torches of Freedom

Nearly 100 years ago, on Easter Sunday, a group of women with cigarettes in their mouths walked down the most prestigious street in New York - Fifth Avenue, doing what women were not supposed to do – smoking in public, which back in the day was "not appropriate”.

Katarzyna Sadło | 3 min read | Mar 7, 2022

Disinformation and 7 common forms of information disorder

Knowledge about disinformation is more important now than ever. Critical thinking is key and it’s worth supporting it with the knowledge on how to recognize different forms of information disorder.

Hive Mind | 4 min read | Mar 2, 2022

Dezinformacja w służbie Putina, czyli o tym jak nie wpaść w tryby machiny propagandowej: webinarium 03.03.2022 (czwartek); 18:30-19:30

Hive Mind | 2 min read | Feb 28, 2022

What are the basic types of disinformation?

Media ecosystems are used to categorizing all falsehoods as fake news. However, there are differences between the types of disinformation that abound in digital media. Sure, there are fake news, but there are also other categories of misinformation.

MAKAIA | 1 min read | Feb 18, 2022

5 concepts you should know about digital disinformation

On January 21, DFR Lab, Techsoup and MAKAIA officially launched Hive Mind for Latin America. In the webinar called "5 concepts you should know about digital disinformation", we shared together with CIVIX Colombia some tips for identifying information and the different learning opportunities available in Hive Mind.

MAKAIA | 2 min read | Feb 15, 2022

The Origins of the Data Scientist

Datos.Org, a foundation that supports social projects in Colombia with the power of data, talks about the birth of a profession greatly discussed today and what are the challenges faced by Data Scientists.

Julian Olarte | 5 min read | Jan 3, 2022

Narratives about refugees on the Polish-Belarusian border

A humanitarian crisis has gained momentum on the Polish-Belarusian border since August 2021. Alyaksandr Lukashenko, who rules in Belarus, has encouraged thousands of people from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen and African countries to come to Belarus. He has done this through a deliberate campaign to disrupt the European Union. Refugees are being forced to cross the Polish border, and those who disobey are being beaten. People at the border have no food or water. Many, including children, have died. We will explore two popular anti-refugee narratives and learn about alternative or counter narratives that are worth spreading and using in discussions.

Beata Zwierzynska | 7 min read | Dec 9, 2021

How to Argue with Fake News Believers?

Whether it's about the ominous powers that can be lizard-people in the skin of public figures, foreigners out to destroy a country, or chips implanted by vaccines against COVID-19, fake news is spreading like wildfire on the Internet. It's not too much of a problem if you think that there are aliens lurking behind the exteriors of politicians, like in a bad B-movie.

But it can be a concrete danger to one's immediate environment to believe that coronavirus vaccines are harmful to the human body.

How do we tell our fake-news believing friends or loved ones that they should think again about these absurd misconceptions?

Mertek Media Monitor | 2 min read | Nov 10, 2021

Media Propaganda and Disinformation: The Venezuelan Case

Digital media strategies used by the Venezuelan government, especially propaganda, provide an ample example for the way different digital tools may be used for manipulation, public opinion disinformation and favoring a particular agenda.

MAKAIA | 7 min read | Nov 8, 2021

Do Students Learn about Fake News at Hungarian Schools?

In Hungary, when it comes to the analysis of news, fake news, or in general, any sort of medium, the most suitable subject is a media lesson to learn how to approach the topic. This subject, however, is riddled with so many problems in the already convoluted education system, that in 2020, in the first iteration of the latest National Curriculum, the subject almost got entirely removed.

Mertek Media Monitor | 5 min read | Nov 3, 2021

Information war against disinformation on the Polish border - how to process information on emotional, "hot" topics?

30 Polish editors-in-chief have recently published a joint appeal to lift the ban on journalists working in the eastern border areas in Poland, where a state of emergency was introduced due to the prolonged migration crisis.

Katarzyna Sadło | 4 min read | Oct 15, 2021

Detecting Fake Sites & Social Media Channels video by Oana Despa & Codruța Simina

In this short, educational video, Oana Despa and Codruța Simina talk about manipulation and fake news. Oana is the chief editor of Buletin de București and Codruța Simina is a journalist at PressOne, an independent media project very well known in Romania. In this episode, they meet online and together try to find out how to best identify fake sites or accounts in the social network.

Oana Despa | 2 min read | Oct 11, 2021

Who are the fact-checkers?

It is only human to defend ourselves when someone challenges us or our opinions. In case, however, when they have a clear proof that what we are saying is not based on facts, it is quite logical that we should not continue spreading false statements. If someone decides to do this, regardless of the consequences or harm this may cause, they should better watch out, as it's fact-checking time!

Dajana Markovic | 1 min read | Sep 28, 2021

Social Media Manipulations: Bots and Trolls, contaminants of the online public sphere

The large number of likes, comments or distributions does not mean that it reflects the real number of people involved in that interactivity. The online public sphere is often contaminated by Bots and Trolls.

Dren Gerguri | 3 min read | Sep 23, 2021

What is Fake News?

Here are some guidelines for your greater well-being as a media consumer. Yes, we are all media consumers. You got that correctly. In the following video, you will find a number of useful tips and tricks that will aid your digital transformation from a regular media consumer to a Media Literacy Expert!

Dajana Markovic | 2 min read | Sep 20, 2021

"Cheapfakes" As a Form of Video Manipulation. How They Can Be Made in a Few Minutes.

We are living in an era when we can see or hear things that a person in fact did not say. You can’t imagine what Miroslav Lajčák, EU Special Representative for the Belgrade-Pristina Dialogue, is declaring in this video! Check it out and see if it's truth or fiction...

Dren Gerguri | 1 min read | Sep 6, 2021

Cheapfake as a dangerous propaganda tool: the case of a refugee from Kosovo

The case discussed in the article clearly shows that manipulating pictures has become an intentional propaganda tool, aiming to distort the truth. Any such cheapfakes are dangerous because they disfigure the reality, making people to believe something far from true.

Dren Gerguri | 3 min read | Aug 16, 2021

Disinformation and misinformation, a by-product of journalists' negligence to verify information

These days, verifying information that we receive has become a must. By not verifying, then, we are putting ourselves at an outright risk of getting manipulated. So, it is more essential than ever, to put a big question mark at the end of every online message, especially when encountered on social media. It is crucial to keep that question mark until we can fully verify and eliminate doubts about sources' authenticity.

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Aug 11, 2021

5 Reasons Why You Have To Be Media Literate

If you’re still wondering why you need to be media literate (a skill that is in high demand today more than ever!), you’ll find the answers to this question in this short video. We have singled out the five most important reasons that will help you decide to start studying the media and their messages. The process is relatively straightforward, and you will gain all the necessary skills by simply following our channel. Let’s go!

Dajana Markovic | 1 min read | Jul 30, 2021

"Project HOPE" - Podcast about a Game to Teach People How to Fight Online Trolls

In this podcast episode, you will hear Jakub Górnicki talking to Tomáš Kriššák about the Project HOPE, within which a set of tools in the form of an online game was designed to help people tackle negative consequences of the Internet and the social media, including cyber-bullying and propaganda.

Dominika Uzar | 1 min read | Jul 19, 2021

Checkbot - a critical thinking simulator for everyone

Critical thinking is a buzzword that we hear almost every day. Especially in times of false information and the infodemic that is surrounding us on an everyday basis. And even though we meet with this term regularly, it is still not clear to everyone what it actually means. A brief characteristic of critical thinking is that it is the ability to form one's own opinion based on acquired knowledge, experience, not only from one's knowledge, but also from other people.

Kasia Piotrowska | 4 min read | Jul 5, 2021

Media Literacy? A must-have 21st century skill.

Teenagers from Dream Factory acting studio created 8 raising awareness videos focusing on how to recognize Fake News, Deep News and how to behave when someone spreads misinformation, or simply is being abusive online.

Michal Prawdzik | 2 min read | May 28, 2021

Cheapfakes in the CEE Region - WEBINAR

Major dangers and media manipulation threats in the age of disinformation

Michal Prawdzik | 1 min read | May 24, 2021

Can I tell, Jiřina? - Case Study from Czech Republic

A simple guide through the media jungle for senior citizens.

Hive Mind | 1 min read | May 18, 2021

Turning Defense into Offense

Only by mobilizing at the grassroots can democracies counter disinformation. It’s time to vaccinate citizens against the poison of digital warfare.

Joseph Quinn | 5 min read | May 12, 2021

What to do when your kid’s teacher is spreading falsehoods?

Due to the ongoing pandemic the schools are closed, and do you, most likely have the privilege of working from home? Well, in this case, you probably have never been so present in your child’s “school life”, even if it’s currently limited to e-learning.

Patryk Zakrzewski | 4 min read | Mar 9, 2021

MEGAPHONE 2021 WEBINARS - Online Resources

Missed any of our events, feeling like watching it again diving straight into the extra resources and materials? We've got it covered.

Michal Prawdzik | 2 min read | Mar 9, 2021

Dren Gerguri | 4 min read | Jan 4, 2021

Dren Gerguri | 3 min read | Dec 17, 2020

Who wants to brainwash you? Disinformation - how to recognize and defend yourself against it - a series of free online workshops designed for youth by Katarzyna Sadło. New dates: !!! 25 January - 15 February 2021!!!

We'd like to invite young people associated in non-governmental organizations, informal groups, dialogue bodies and activists acting on their own to free online training sessions on disinformation, recognizing it, preventing and counteracting its negative effects. The training is addressed to all those who understand the importance of disinformation in public life, who would like to learn more about the ways it works, get specific tools of recognition and methods of dealing with it. We also invite people who actively participate in public life (also at the local level) and therefore are most vulnerable to disinformation actions aimed at undermining their credibility and the trust of public opinion, necessary to effectively fight for the public good or the interests of the groups they represent.

Dominika Uzar | 2 min read | Dec 14, 2020

Organizations and disinformation - how to recognize, how to counteract. Free webinar and online training series.

Non-governmental organizations actively participating in public life, especially those that address topics considered controversial, or for some reason inconvenient for the authorities, business or influential circles, are increasingly becoming the target of disinformational activities aimed at undermining their credibility and depriving the public of the trust necessary for effective action. The victims of disinformation are not only the organizations themselves and the people associated with them, but also the recipients of false or manipulated information, who use it to shape their opinions on a given subject. How to recognize disinformation? How to prevent it? How to counteract its negative effects?

Dominika Uzar | 3 min read | Dec 2, 2020

Mark Semoil | 2 min read | Sep 1, 2020